Kohata Festival: Fukushima’s Flag-bearing Festival

DECEMBER 7, 2019


Kohata Festival: Fukushima’s Flag-bearing Festival

Note: this post was re-posted from my old website, originally published in February 2017.

This time let me take you to a cool festival in Fukushima prefecture that has been preserved for around 900 years since its first beginning and categorized as a state-designated significant intangible culture asset due to its singularity.

In early December, a few years back, my buddies and I departed from Sendai to Nihonmatsu in Fukushima to see the festival. Upon arriving at the station, according to the guidance we received in the station’s information center, we still needed to take another bus to a small town called Touwa and from there switch to a local taxi to the festival location, an even smaller village called Kohata.

Since it was still quite some time to go before the bus departed for Touwa we decided to get an early breakfast and explore Nihonmatsu a bit. There is supposedly a castle in Nihonmatsu, but due to time constraints, we could only visit the shrine at the entrance of the station. Since I am a castle lover, perhaps I will pay a visit some other time if I can.

When the bus stopped, it took us through a quite mountainous region around Nihonmatsu. The sun was shining, and it was indeed a perfect day for outdoor activity. We fell asleep on the bus, soon missed our supposed bus stop, and ended up at the last destination, an elementary school at the top of a hill. The driver took pity on us, and despite his stern face, he urged us to get on the bus again and dropped us in front of a taxi company. We thanked him and then left Touwa for Kohata by taxi, which is actually only a few minutes away drives but separated by huge hills.

Arriving in Kohata, the festival held in the village square was already packed with people, both participants and onlookers. There was a small stage where the opening ceremony seemed to occur. The participants wore white garbs with a belt and pointy black cap, almost priest-like, and were said to have come from various neighboring regions. When we came, we seemed to have missed the hata kyousou (旗競争), a running competition while holding the flag, which was quite a shame because it was one of the highlights that often appeared in photography exhibitions about Japan.

The festival got its name because the participants would be bearing THE flag– a gigantic flag made from bamboo poles up to seven meters long and decorated by a long piece of colorful cloth sewn together. It dates back to the Heian Period during the war between the Minamoto clan and the local warlord. It is said that the local warlord’s forces chased the Minamoto clan’s army to the mountain but later withdrew because they mistook the snow in the mountain as Minamoto’s surrendering white flags. Regardless this legend is true or not, the people of Kohata kept the story for hundreds of years and started the festival as a remembrance.

Before noon, under the blue winter sky, more than 200 participants started to walk from the square where the opening ceremony was held along the mountain pathway around 8 kilometers to Mt. Kohata, the final destination of the parade. They would walk for 5 hours with small breaks in between carrying the heavy flag to pray for a good harvest and successful business in Hayama Shrine via Okitsushima Shrine high in the mountain.

The journey was arduous simply due to the sheer weight of the flag and the uphill slope. We saw the flag-bearers often ran out of breath and sighed heavily, but the people around would always cheer ‘ganbare! ganbare!” (‘You can do it!’) to lift their spirits up. I could imagine it was really a taxing physical effort. The same goes for us because to get decent pictures, we needed to move ahead from the parade to get a strategically good position.

At around 2 past high noon, the parade arrived at a resting area in the mountain. From now on, only the vanguard party comprised of the village elders and two young male villagers carrying intricate sculptures would proceed upfront to Hayama Shrine while the rest of the flag-bearers would stay behind and rest for a while.

More festivals to read…

They went ahead to celebrate the coming of age for the 2 young males from the village. The ritual was carried off in the vicinity of Hayama Shrine when the young men did a ritual called ‘tainai kuguri’ (passing through the womb), in which they slipped through the crevice of big rocks and another ritual step called ‘kuizome‘ in which they ate porridge cooked with azuki beans. They also left the ‘sculptures’ they had been carrying at the mouth of the crevice to signal the completion of the coming-of-age ritual.

Although the festival would carry on through the mountain a little bit more, we had to go back early since we needed to catch the last bus back to Nihonmatsu. As we headed back, we saw the entire parade resting at the top of the open peak of Mt. Hayama, admiring the view while drinking sake and having fun. This is essentially the core of all Japanese festivals, upon my observation – having fun while performing their duties.

We called the taxi company again and waited in the village square. The sun has begun to shift towards sunset, and the sky has turned a bit cloudy. Upon the now empty square, we could still vividly remember the roar of the bearers chanting ‘Let’s go!’ in unison before making their way uphill a few hours before. Time has flown fast. We had already spent a whole day in Kohata. It had been a long one-day trip from Sendai, but as usual, it was worth the while.

When to go: around early December each year

How to go: From Tokyo take the Shinkansen and get off at Shiroishizao station (approx 2 hours). Or from Sendai, take JR Tohoku Line and get off at Shiroishi station (50 minutes).

Useful sites: Japan Travel and Tourism Association (English)

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About the Author

Jerfareza Daviano | Photographer in Sendai, Japan
Jerfareza Daviano

Jerfareza is a freelance photographer from Indonesia currently based in Sendai, Japan, offering wide range of photography service especially profile portraits, couple or family photos, and wedding photography. Should you wish to hire him you can check here for more details.

Visit his website for articles about travel in Japan especially Tohoku area and interesting bits about photography.


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